Recognized Credit Rating Agencies in Russia

Agencies, Certifications, Read, Registrations, Regulations

ACRA Analytical Credit Rating Agency The Russian Government set a minimum credit rating for banks that service federal budget funds (the document is published on the official website of the Russian Federation Ministry of Finance at The federal budget funds may be placed on deposits with bank that have a credit rating of at…

ACRA partners with EDB and Armenia

Agencies, Authorities

Challenge of maintaining independence The Analytical Credit Rating Agency, Eurasian Development Bank (EDB), and the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Armenia have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding that establishes areas for cooperation between the aforementioned parties, the key goal of which is to stimulate economic growth in the Republic of Armenia and…

The Dynamics of Free Trade and FDI during the Globalization Era

Histories, Read

Multilateralism waned, but the process of trade liberalization continued. This blog article is a short excerpt from Country Risk – The Bane of Foreign Investors (Springer, 2020) by Norbert Gaillard. International trade went through unexpected and paradoxical changes during the globalization era (1991–2016). Multilateralism waned, but the process of trade liberalization continued. For instance, the…

fisheye shot of a person inside a building with columns and ornate ceiling

What About S&P’s Irannotice?


S&P Global Inc. international business activities must comport with U.S. international trade restraints, including economic sanctions regulations administered by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Controls. Pursuant to Section 13(r)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, S&P Global Inc. (S&P) provides notice to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission that disclosure of…

symbol of european union on banknote

Sigmar Gabriel Explains to Moody’s the Euro as a Question of Sovereignty and Security


Moody’s Credit Trends 2021 Germany & Austria “As last year has shown, a global pandemic can turn everything upside down,” says Jens Schmidt-Bürgel in an interview with Sigmar Gabriel and starts talking about the greatest challenges facing the new administration in the USA. Sigmar Gabriel is the keynote speaker at Moody’s conference “Credit Trends 2021…

Recognized Credit Rating Agencies

Agencies, Certifications, Read, Registrations, Regulations

There are almost 200 countries in the world. Many countries do not have specific regulations on rating activities, but most industrialized countries do have laws on Credit Rating Agencies (CRAs). Credit Rating Agencies are required to get registered, licensed, recognized or certified. Until the Credit Rating Agency Reform Act of 2006 was introduced in the…